Plastics injure marine animals, which often get caught in the large plastic pieces or pass the smaller ones for food. This has the effect of preventing them from digesting normal food and attracts toxic substances into their bodies.
People eat plastic through the food chain.
Only 5% of the value of plastic packaging remains in the economy – the rest is discarded (11).
Single-use plastics are the largest group of litter on the coast. Products such as plastic cutlery, plastic bottles, cigarette butts and cotton buds make up almost 50% of litter at sea.
To address the issue, the EU has imposed a ban on single-use plastics for which there are easy alternatives: cutlery (forks, knives, spoons, spoons, chopsticks), plates, straws, cotton buds, drink stirrers and balloon straws.